The population of every national economy is polarized into the economically active and inactive population. The later population which attracts this paper consists of people that are neither working (people who are willing and capable to work and are unable to get paid jobs) nor looking for employment opportunities (full-time housewives, students, people in total institutions etc.).
Unemployment types exists in their multiples, however, it has been affirmed that Nigeria suffers from cyclical and structural unemployment. The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), is the agency charged by the nationals, to gather and publicize data on national statistics including unemployment figures; unfortunately, the figures presented by the agency has always been on a steep-rise and yet attacked by a large populace that the published unemployment rate suffers from incompleteness and unwholesomeness because it depicts lies, deceptions and refinement of the figure from international community abuse and maintenance of the nation’s sovereignty.
Wikipedia affirmed recently that Nigeria population totals 188,462,640, while, NBS pinpointed that 59% of the total population are engrossed in the economically active population, while only 45% could make the labour force population representing 85.1 million. Figures depicted in-here (this paragraph) affirms the literary debated ‘Youth Boom’ which developed societies like U.S.A, China capitalized on to create sophisticated societies that they live in today. However, reverse is the case in Nigeria as we currently suffer with 18.8% (15,990,000) rate of unemployment and inclusive of underemployment, we have 40% (34,036,000). There is debate that if these jobless hands could be provided with development-oriented and life-changing activities, the society can record phenomenal success in her quest to end poverty and develop the nation. It is also argued that if the un-utilized hands are not catered for, it is ‘normal’ for them to drive the society backwards as they torment the employed and self-employed population through pick-pocketing and armed robbery.
Suffice it to say that unemployment supplies direct inputs to social problems such as armed robbery, poverty (absolute and relative), corruption and bribery, trafficking, abuse (child, drug, sex etc.), commercial sex working and all other social indexes adopted to eliminate Nigeria to the rear-end position it always occupies in regional and international rankings. A case study is the Human Capital Index (HCI) ranking of 157 nations’ in 2018 by World Bank where Nigeria sits lowly in the 152nd position. The HCI is measured in terms of the productivity of the next generation of workers relative to the benchmark of complete education and full health.
As saddening as the analysis depicted above might look, there are clear indicators from various unemployment variables that the figures will continue to rise higher and more sporadically. It is no news that child marriage, unwanted pregnancy and child alike exist in their multiplicities in Nigeria. More so, a majority of the childhood dependent population are majorly uncatered for by their guardians/ parents, therefore, ensuring that a plethora of them will not have access to basic education to acquire knowledge, skills and professional character; therefore, ensuring uneducated youths to contribute to child labour, trafficking and other child-related crimes, the case of the Almajiris in the Northern part of the country is a clear evidence. Furthermore, JAMB affirmed in her last policy meeting that a large population of students that wrote the 2017 examination are unable to gain admission, and we should all be reminded as corpers that a majority of us spent a year and above at home after formal university graduation to make up space for senior members who are yet to be called-up by NYSC due to the large amount of graduates turned out by schools yearly, thereby subjecting fresh and old Nigerian graduates and majority of those that have engaged in the 12 months national service to wander around the ghettos and on few occasions (if available) engage in informal or contract employment. The linear progression analysis depicted here displays the menace of national employment getting bad, worsen, shambolic and untoward than ever thought of or as depicted by NBS.
On a last note, it is not uncommon that the under serving meagre of companies we have in the country are taking their ‘wares’ for establishment to neighbouring countries, while those ones’ that are not packing are either on the verge of winding up or under-sizing as evidenced by cases of financial institutions in Lagos State and other parts of the country. Unemployment should, however, be made known to be a universal social problem (global culture) present in all parts of the world, however, the African situation is lucrubious with Djibouti recording a 54% unemployment rate, the Nigeria state also requires sustainable and persistent attention and focus.
Agatha Christine asserted that ‘To every problem, there is a most simple solution’. Therefore, Nigeria and other African country where unemployment rate is bane and scourge to their development, should embrace self-employment, develop and adopt entrepreneurship policies and appreciate skills & knowledge acquisition via formal and informal education as they have tendencies to transform the country from her present predicament state of underdevelopment to a sophisticated and developed national economy. More so, the Nigeria government needs a structural adjustment to the NYSC programme in terms of support mechanism, overhauling of the commission so that Nigerian youths’ minds and attention can be ‘grabbed’ towards making the country a great and better arena to live in, as the NYSC commission alone possesses the tool to change the country, as a result of the large number of educated graduates the commission un-train, train and retrain.
I pray you never find a job,
I pray God furnish your colossal minds with ideas to start an enterprise,
I pray God furnishes your pockets with finance to start a development-oriented idea.
I pray you easily secure a job,
I pray God empowers you to make positive marks in your organization,
I pray you to transcend and exceed all expectations in your newly found endeavour.
If you are faced with a sadist boss,
I pray they frustrate you to resign and not keep praying for change,
I pray you to venture into your own world and not suffer in silence.
You are a KING, and Nigeria needs you to witness a wholesome positive socio-economic change.