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Child Psychology: A Great Influence On Adult Behaviour





Erik Homburger Erikson once said “It is human to have a long childhood. It is civilized to have an even longer childhood. Long childhood makes a technical and mental virtuous out of man, but it also leaves a lifelong residue of emotional immaturity in him.”


Behavioral Sciences have over the years designed models and theories as magnifying tools for a better perspective on childhood development. Whilst, childhood comprises of the first twelve years of life, it holds the determining keys to outlooks of adulthood. Every person embodies a little child inside, that feeds the subconscious adult mind which will in turn influence day to day decisions and actions.

Adulthood is thrilling. It is at that point in life where everyone gets the freedom to make their own decisions, go places they want, and whenever they desire to. In other words, adults get to rock and run their own lives. This stage also comes with complications, conflicts, and challenges that can be an obstacle to living a fulfilling life. Now, because adulthood has an inconsistency flowing with it each person has to be ruled by personal decisions and actions to resolve and create a balancing scale between the good and bad days. Every adult has a desire to succeed achieve dreams and goals. However, day to day decisions will determine whether that goal will be reached or it is just going to be a merry-go-round without achieving anything. It is these decisions that stem from something deeper and beyond what the human eye can see.

Child Psychology comprises of the component on Social and Emotional Development. This stage of development will leave a mark in every child’s mind that will carry them to adulthood and influence issues like decision making and responses to actions. A success in this developmental stage will prepare a child for a healthy and fulfilling adulthood that can assist in taking the necessary step to achieving goals. On the other hand, failure in this stage will result in feelings of inadequacy, low self-esteem and poor responses and judgements.


Erikson Psychosocial Stages of Development focuses on concepts of social and emotional development in a child and the different outcomes that could emerge. In his theory, there are eight stages of development for each individual with the first four stages stretching from Birth to School Age.

The first stage in the psychosocial development is Infancy or better known as the Oral Stage. It starts from birth to eighteen months. Major emphasis is on the mother’s love and care for the child through visual contact and touch. Many studies of suicides and attempts give much importance on this stage in developing the basic belief that the world is a trustworthy place and every person has a right to be here. Positive outcomes from this stage include Trust driven by the basic strengths of Hope and Perseverance. Negative outcomes include Mistrust. Such characteristics manifest themselves in adulthood each affecting choices in circumstances. Many people have dropped their goals and lives simply because their minds are programmed to lose trust in those around them or even in themselves.

The latter stages in child development include early childhood, play age and school age. All stages are centered on the child exploring independence and finding a place among peers and society as a whole. It is during these stages that a child learns to walk, talk, feed themselves, taking initiatives and learning. Fine motor skills development such as walking builds self-esteem and Autonomy as each child gains more control over their bodies, acquire skills and learning right from wrong. The desire to copy the adults around and taking initiatives in creating play situations is guided by the use of the word “Why” to explore the world. The school Age is the latency period for learning, creating and accomplishing numerous skills and knowledge thus developing a sense of industry.

Positive outcomes include autonomy, self-control, courage, sense of purpose and competence. Negative outcomes will leave unresolved feelings of inadequacy and inferiority among peers. Low self-esteem issues stem from the inability to perform tasks common to fellow peers which then can lead to incompetence and poor performance at work or relationships in adulthood.

What remains is to resolve the conflict between the adult mindset and the child within. Childhood memories and experiences are engraved in the brain, a part that every human being has to carry forever.However,it is important that the child within is tamed and worked on so that traumatic past events do not affect the future.Until the mind is treated as a seperate entity that has its own thinking,the brain will always be a sponge soaked with waters of unresolved childhood memories and present day issues.Such mind-conflicts will only succeed in controlling the outcomes of the future.

The human brain should be viewed as a parasite.A creature with its own needs driven by the photographic pictures of past events as its thinking machine. Some irrational decisions are products of these long gone events. The brain has a powerful force and there is need to reason and bargain with it. For instance, if the outcome of an individual’s childhood was mistrust, there is need to help the mind to realize that past events do not determine the present, that in a past world there was mistrust but the situation is different now. It can be likened to shaking the brain out of a memory trance.

Resolving childhood experiences is a journey. Consistency and patience is required along with professional guidance to ensure the best results. The little child inside of every person should be driven to a place of peace and stability so as to reach life dreams and goals.

Author’s bio

Anesu Gode is a medical student, author and poet. She is passionate about mental health issues. She can be contacted on:

WhatsApp +263 775 317 035

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14 Ways To Earn Passive Income In 2021



passive income

By: Claire Makoni

Earn Songwriting Royalties

If you love to write music, you can create passive income by recording your songs and then publishing them through a variety of channels. You earn royalties anytime your music is played on streaming services like Apple Music, or Spotify, or played on the radio. You can even license your music for TV, movies, and videos without the backing of a major record label.


Purchase Music Royalties

Perhaps your talent isn’t to write music. That’s ok, you can still get into the music royalty game by purchasing the rights to song catalogues owned by other artists. Royalty Exchange is an online auction that allows you to bid on existing music catalogues. These are songs that are already earning regular, passive income for their current owners. When you purchase music royalties, you’re buying the future cash flow, which is purely passive income.

Photo Licensing

Photographers can build passive income by selling stock photos online. You’ll need to produce lots of content to earn a decent amount of money, but it can be a nice supplement to other, more labor-intensive work, like wedding or family photography. One benefit to stock photo licensing is that you can sell the same pictures to many different buyers. There is no shortage of stock photo websites where you can sell your work. Dreamstime and Snapwire are just two of the more popular stock photo sites out there.

Record an Audiobook

One of the best ways for content creators to increase their income is by releasing their content in as many formats as possible. For example, if you’ve written a paperback book or even an ebook, you’ll want to consider recording an audiobook version. There is no shortage of people who prefer listening to books instead of reading them. You can record the audio yourself, or pay someone else to do it for you. Once your audiobook is ready to go, it can be available for purchase online for years, making it the ideal passive income source.


Buy and Sell Domain Names

Buying and selling domain names is a bit like trading on the stock market. The goal is to buy low and sell high, but there can be some risk involved. There are people who earn good money buying domain names that they believe will increase in value over time, with the hopes of selling at a profit.

Start a Blog

Over time, it’s possible to create multiple passive income streams with a blog, through affiliate marketing, or display advertising, for example. But building a blog from scratch is anything but passive. You’ll need to be consistent in creating new content, and spend time promoting your blog. One of the best things about blogging is the low barrier of entry. If you have a computer and a wifi connection, you can get started for as little as a few dollars per month.

Start a Podcast

It seems everyone has a podcast these days, and while many people do it out of pure enjoyment, there’s a lot of money that can be made. As you build a reliable following, you can begin selling advertising via sponsorships to brands that wish to get in front of your audience. Make no mistake, there’s a lot of work involved in finding guests and conducting interviews, but the opportunity to build a passive income stream is there.

Start a YouTube Channel

If you can consistently create videos that people want to watch, you can build an audience on Youtube. This is important because, with an audience, you can begin to make money, by joining the YouTube Partner Program. Most of your earnings will come from ads, which are aired within your video content, however, there are more ways to make money. YouTube can also drive traffic to your website and social media channels, making passive income opportunities endless.

Sell Digital Products/Downloadables

Thousands of people earn passive income by creating digital products that people can download and use. From spreadsheets to productivity tools, calendars, and checklists, the possibilities are endless. Once you’ve created your winning product, you can make it available for download on your own website, or through a third-party platform.

Develop an Online Course

If you have expertise in a specific area, rest assured there’s someone out there willing to pay you for your knowledge. You can create an ebook on the topic, or develop an online course, and then sell it on your own website, or on an online learning marketplace like Udemy. No skill is too small to share with others. You could sell a course on creating a killer resume, starting a podcast, or how to travel hack a trip to Europe. With online courses, most of the hard work happens early on, when you’re creating the content. From there, with an effective marketing strategy, you’ll have yourself a nice, passive income stream.

Run Website Display Ads

If you have your own website, you can sign up to have ads displayed within the content on your site. The most well-known ad service is Google Adsense. Adsense displays ads that are relevant to your site content and that match your visitor’s preferences. When guests engage with an ad, you make money. Also, the higher your site traffic, the higher your income.

Affiliate Marketing

If you have your own blog or website, one of the best ways to make passive income is through affiliate marketing. Affiliate marketing involves promoting someone else’s product or service, and earning a commission whenever a sale is generated directly from your recommendation. The most well-known affiliate program may be the one run by online retail giant Amazon, but there are thousands of other companies with programs of their own. Affiliate income takes time to build, but if you’re successful, it can be one of the best ways to make passive income.


Dropshipping is a form of e-commerce where the seller doesn’t hold the product, instead, it’s shipped to the customer directly from the supplier. The seller’s job is to find products to buy at a wholesale price, and then sell them at the retail price, by advertising them through an e-commerce store, like Shopify. When orders are placed, they go directly to the supplier who ships the product to the customer. The seller profits from the spread between the retail and wholesale price. Dropshipping has become very competitive, but if you can find a product that people want, and sell it at a profit, there’s lots of passive income to be made.

Learn to Outsource

If you’re an entrepreneur, chances are you have a tendency to want to control all aspects of your business. After all, no one else understands it as you do, nor is anyone else as invested as you are. But the problem with doing everything yourself is that the money you make becomes anything but passive.

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Dr. Vere’s Coat of Many Colours



By Gilbert Sikanyika

Doctor Kudzanai Vere belongs to the group of African young Turks determined to conquer the world and leave permanent foot-steps on the sands of life.


I have known Dr. Vere through social interactions over the years and I have come to know him as a pragmatic, hard-working, and purpose-driven person. He sets high goals and when he attains those goals, he sets even higher goals. He places a high premium on his aspirations. He challenges himself to challenge challenges in his life. He does not take “no” for an answer…He knocks, knocks, and keeps knocking until doors of opportunities fling open before him. He is tenacious and aggressive in his daily operations. He does not wait for opportunities; instead, he creates opportunities for himself. He is a workaholic if ever there was one.

He was compelled to stop school in form 4 due to family financial constraints but that could not deter him from pursuing his dreams. He started working as a Receiving and Costing Clerk at Redstar in Nyanga in Zimbabwe and he rose through the ranks to become Branch Manager within a spell of three years. He was arguably the youngest Branch Manager heading a Blue Chips Company when he was only 22 years old.

Doctor Vere has “A coat of many colours.” He is an entrepreneur, Author, and Speaker of international repute. He enjoys developing people in areas such as Entrepreneurship, Personal Development, Practical Business Management, Organizational Development, Financial Literacy, and Leadership Development.


Just what makes him tick

He gets inspiration from motivating himself and others. His life gets better when he impacts lives in Business related issues. He was born in a family of 10 in a remote area of Zimbabwe in Nyanga. He went to Maereka primary school, Nyatate school, and Mapako High School. He has also attended: Zimbabwe Open University, British College Of Professional Management, Coppetstone University among others. He has:

  • Diploma in Accounting
  • Diploma In Accounting In Business Management
  • Bcom Accounting
  • Certified Public Accountancy
    -Master of Arts in Leadeship and Management
    -Registered Public Accounting
    -Certified Forensic
    -Doctorate in Phylosophy in Entrepreneurship among others.

Dr. Vere is also a notable and versatile writer whose books such as Becoming A Person Of Impact and Exceed Beyond The Ordinary have blessed multitudes of people. It seems he is a “Jack of all trades and master of everything.”

His books have impacted the hordes of people from all walks of life because of the nuggets of life they carry. His presence is being felt almost everywhere and so far so good. Although he never completed formal education, he is a self-made man who has managed to school himself and has acquired a string of diplomas and degrees and was recently conferred with a Doctorial degree in recognition of his teachings and passion for entrepreneurship.

“The whole of my adult life I have been learning business at times passively and at other times actively. I have vast years of business management, ” he said. His ultimate goal in life is to become an oasis of inspiration in Business circles. He is married to a lovely lady Fortune who is the Managing Director of the family business empire. Doctor Vere is also blessed with a wife and five children.

Gilbert Sikanyika is a Writing Prophet based in Zambia

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Developers/ Programmers (Graduate Trainees) Wanted X 3 : YPPZ



Young People’s Program Zimbabwe Youth Association (YPPZ) is recruiting graduate trainees from the following disciplines:

  • Information Technology & Information Systems
  • Software Engineering
  • Computer Sciences

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